Melbourne, everything you need is available in the wondrous city that is the capital city of Victoria. Melbourne is the second most populous city in Australia with a population of 4,347,955 people. Such a funky and vibrant home of style, culture, sport, drinking, dining and anything else with a bit of zest. The city’s rooftop scene, oblivious and secretive little laneways and the red-hot-spot of Federation Square, pumping bars, shopping zones, boutiques and restaurants/café galore, and don't forget the famous MCG. Check out St Kilda, the Royal Botanic Gardens (no its not a splitting image of Sydney’s cousin), chilled Brunswick Street and the home of the race that stops a nation (Melbourne Cup). Join world class events such as the Australian Grand Prix. Get out for a trip to Mornington Peninsula or take the family to see the cute little fairy penguins on Phillip Island.
The city was founded by settlers who were from the British Crown Colony of Van Diemen’s Land in 1835. It was named ‘Melbourne’ by the then Governor of New South Wales in respect to the Britsh Prime Minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne. It was officially registered as a city in 1847 by Queen Victoria. The 1950’s were a time of sheer development for the city when gold was found and over a few years the city was transformed into one of the World’s largest and wealthiest cities. After Australia’s states were federated in 1901, Melbourne was made the interim capital for the years that it took to get Canberra ready for the new ‘statehood’, Sydney was not considered at this time because of its proximity to Canberra.
In the extended Melbourne areas, 63.3% of residents were born in Australia. The other most common countries of birth were the United Kingdom (3.4%), India (2.7%), China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) (2.3%), Italy (1.7%) and New Zealand (1.7%). Over two-thirds of Melburnians speak only English at home (68.1%). Chinese (mainly Cantonese and Mandarin) is the second-most-common language spoken at home (3.6%), with Greek third, Italian fourth and Vietnamese fifth, each with more than 100,000 speakers.
Melbourne consistently ranks high in international rating competitions, which factor in education, entertainment, health care, research and development, tourism and sport, making it the world's most liveable city—for the fifth year in a row in 2015, according to the Economist Intelligence Unit. It is a leading financial centre in the Asia-Pacific region, and ranks among the top 30 cities in the world in the Global Financial Centres Index. Referred to as Australia's "cultural capital", it is the birthplace of Australian impressionism, Australian Rules Football, the Australian film and television industries, and Australian contemporary dance such as the Melbourne Shuffle. It is recognized as UNESCO as a ‘City of Literature’ and a major centre for street art, music and theatre. It is home to many of Australia's largest and oldest cultural institutions such as the Melbourne Cricket Ground, UNESCO World Heritage-listed Royal Exhibition Building.
Melbourne hosted the Olympic games in 1956 and the Commonwealth Games in 2006. Annually, Melbourne hosts the Melbourne Cup horse race, the Australian Open tennis and golf tournaments, the Australian Grand Prix, and they host countless rugby union, rugby league, and of course cricket and Aussie Rules. Make sure that you try everything while in Melbourne, eat, drink and be merry.