delaide is the capital city of South Australia. It is a coastal city at the Saint-Vincent-gulf (i.e. the Southern gulf of the Australian conteninent). The name ‘Adelaide’, was given by the first Governor of the state, Captain John Hindmarsh (1785-1860), in 1837 after the British Queen Adelaide (Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen). Interestingly, Adelaide was actually not originally a penal colony compared to cities like Sydney or Hobart. Adelaide is famous for its cultural events, hence the well known nickname the "festival city". The Glenelg Jazz Festival and the Adelaide Festival of Arts are some of the more well-known events on the calendar. Additionally, Adelaide is also called the "City of Churchesi". Adelaide also hosts several sporting events, such as the Australian F1 Grand Prix at the Adelaide Street Circuit, regular Aussie Rules tournaments and Cricket Matches too. The city of Adelaide consists only of the center within the Park Ring, which divides the city into Adelaide and North Adelaide.
South Australia has the most centralised population of all of the Australian states, with 75% of the state’s population of 1.7 million, living in Greater Adelaide (roughly 1.3 million people).
Adelaide is located north of the Fleurieu Peninsula , between the Saint Vincent Gulf and the Mount Lofty Mountains . The city stretches 20 km from the coast to the foothills of the mountains. Metropolitan Adelaide consists of a total area of 870 km2 and lies at an average altitude of 50 m . Mount Lofty, at an altitude of 727 meters, is the highest point of the metropolitan area.
Much of the Australian Defence industry is located in Greater Adelaide. The Australian subsidiary of BAE Systems (the second largest defence company in the world), BAE Systems Australia, and the Australian subsidiary of Lockheed Martin are based in the North-West of Adelaide. In Adelaide’s Technology Park (the first of its kind in Australia) in a place called Salisbury City are the defence and aerospace sectors of Saab and Raytheon, as well as other global high-tech companies such as Topcon, Optus, Xtralis and the State Australian Submarine Corporation. The largest Australian oil and gas exploration company, Santos and the largest Australian brewer, Coopers Brewery are all based in the city too. One of the largest media conglomerates, the News Corporation, was founded in 1979 by Rupert Murdoch in Adelaide and had until 2004 its global headquarters there. The Australian car brand of General Motors, Holden, has one of its two plants in the suburb of Elizabeth.
The five largest groups of overseas-born were from UK (7.0%), Italy (1.6%), India (1.4%), China (1.3%) and Vietnam (1.0%). The most-spoken languages other than English were Italian (2.6%), Greek (1.9%), Standard Mandarin (1.3%), Vietnamese (1.3%), and Cantonese (0.7%)
Other famous attractions in Adelaide include, the Art Gallery of South Australia, the South Australian Museum (including the Discovery Centre for kids), the Migration Museum, the Botanic Gardens, the Zoological Gardens, the Warrawong Sanctuary, the Cleland Wildlife Park: Inside the Cleland Conservancy in the Adelaide Hills, Mt. Lofty Lookout (which is the highest mountain in SA at 710 meters above sea level), Glenelg and Glenelg Historic Tram (there is a great Shark Museum is in Glenelg too). Adelaide is a fantastic city, with many things to see and do. It is not the industrial city it used to be, it has a fresh new and clean reputation that coupled with its word-famous wine and food scene, makes it more than just the City of Churches!